Food and food quality is very important for health. It is now recognized that unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are key risk factors for major non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes.
In the framework of the "Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health", the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that obesity has reached epidemic proportions, with more than 1.4 billion adults that were overweight in 2008 and more than 40 million children under the age of five that where overweight in 2011. In addition, 2.7 million deaths can be attributed to a low consumption of fruit and vegetables.
In this context, it is important to know the prevalence and distribution of food health indicators (nutritional deficiencies, excess intake of micro- and macronutrients, obesity) and identify social inequalities in order to describe the needs of the Belgian population.
On the other hand, the different crises in the field of food security (dioxin, BSE, ...) have raised awareness of the necessity to have information about this topic.